Advantages and Disadvantages of Political Parties

Advantages and Disadvantages of Political Parties

Advantages of Political Parties

1. It protects the interest of citizens : As previously stated, the citizens in a democratic country are given the right to vote on political, social and economical issues, particularly the representatives they want to be in charge of making major decisions, such as the president. This can greatly protect the people from anything they would disagree to occur.
2. It prevents monopoly of authority :Due to the fact that the government is bound by an election term where parties compete to regain authority, democracy prevents monopoly of the ruling authority. And, the elected ruling party would make sure their policies will work for the people, as they will not be able to remain in power after their term with bad records—they will not be re-elected.

3. It promotes equality : Generally, democracy is based on the rule of equality, which means that all people are equal as far as the law is concerned. Every person has the right to experience and enjoy equal political, social and economic rights, and the state is not allowed to discriminate him on the standard of sex, class, religion and property.
4. It makes for a responsible and stable administration :When there are elected and fixed representatives, a more responsible government is formed. Thus, democracy can be efficient, firm and stable. Its administration is ruled and conducted with a sense of dedication, and people under this system discuss matters and problems thoroughly to come up with sensible decisions.
5. It brings a feeling of obligation towards the citizens: The ruling authorities owe their success to elections by the citizens, so they would feel grateful to and socially responsible for them. This can serve as their motivating factor to work for the citizens, for they have the right of choosing their government.
6. It imparts political education to the people :One argument in favor of democracy is that it can serve as a training school for citizens—they are driven to take part in state affairs. During elections, political parties propose their programs and policies in support of their candidates through public meetings, demonstrations, television, radio, posters and speeches by their leaders to win public favor. All of these can impart political consciousness among the people.
7. It helps make good citizens : Democracy aims to create the ideal environment that is conducive to personality improvement, character cultivation and good habits. As per the experts, this political system seems to function as the first school for good citizenship, where individuals can learn about their rights and duties from birth to the time of death.
8. It allows a little chance of revolution : Since this system is based upon public will, there will be little to no chance of public revolt. Elected representatives conduct state affairs with public support, and if they do not work efficiently or do not meet the public’s expectations, they will probably not do well during the next elections. Democracy or other popular governments often function with consensus, thus the question of revolution would not arise.
9. It promotes change : This political system can promote changes in the government without having to resort to any form of violence. It tries to make citizens feel great and even provides them with a good sense of participation and involvement.

1o. It encourages political participation : As a democratic nation, America allows its citizens to freely express their opinions and to support the political party that shares their interest and opinion. Unlike China, the US government encourages the public to participate and cast their votes at the polls. Hence, the public can contribute in making significant changes that will benefit everyone
11.Establishing governing body : The largest advantage associated with political parties is that they help to establish order as they are essentially seen as governing bodies. Having order in society is the most important aspect of having a safe and controlled environment for everyone to live in. Without the assistance of a ruling party, it would be difficult to have municipal sewage, water, or even electricity. Not to mention that there wouldn’t be a way to monitor and create military sectors to help protect your native land. Establishing governing bodies is the most important aspect of developing a society.
12. Political Parties make the democracy possible : Actually the success of democracyis not possible without political parties. The reason for this is that

Disadvantages of Political Parties

1.Produce  Groupism  and Local Biases: Political Parties are a source of bias in politics. Every voter is more or less attracted or repelled towards political parties to such an extent that he is unable to form an unbiased judgement on questions of policy or on the merits of the candidates.
2. Source of divisions among a Nation: Parties produce unnatural divisions. These falsify public opinion. People are not naturally separated by hard and fast lines into two or more compact groups. Political Parties divide then into hard groups.
3. Parties cannot reflect and clarify public opinion: Each political party gives its own version of every issue and problem. In the process public opinion gets confused. Political Parties, divide public opinion on party lines.
4. Parties are always dominated by extremists or demagogues or leaders: It is the extreme element that always leads the party; the moderate elements are only supporters and members only follow leaders. They do not break away from the party because they can do nothing else. Hence though disagreeing, they act according to the wishes of the leaders.
5. Not fully and really representative in nature and functioning: Political Parties behave as democratic parties only during elections. After winning elections, the parties and their leaders do note hesitate to avoid and ignore public and the opinion of the people on various issues.
6. The foreign 'Connexions' of Political Parties: Parties open doors to foreign influence and corruption. Some Parties receive funds from foreign sources. These even ignore national interests.
7. Unnatural divisions in Society: The parties divide the nation and the community not on basic issues but on artificially basis. The agreement among the members of one party is artificial. Even their disagreements with the opposing party are both artificial and unreal. Parties are often guilty of dividing people on political lines.
8. Sources of Disharmony: Parties stir up disaffection and dissatisfaction everywhere. Even within every party there is internal groupism and conflict.
9. Increase the role of money in politics: In capitalist countries party members are sometimes bought off by industrial magnates and corporations. The industrialists and businessmen are the real rulers. Parties work as their agents.
10. Not fully Responsible: It has been asserted that party system has created double government: the holders of governmental power and the other leaders of the party in power. The real governing power in the hands of party leaders. They have no legal responsibility and are free from legal restrictions. It makes a mockery of responsibility of the democratic government.
11. Agencies of Corruption: Elections are always very expensive. The Political parties and their members need money for contesting election. Very often, the political parties adopt corrupt means for getting money needed for elections.
12. Source of Undesirable Opposition and Criticism: Parties create factionalism in society. The party in opposition is always antagonistic to the party in power. Political Parties make politics an unhealthy process of interactions between the majority party and the opposition party or parties.

13. Political Parties are a source of Delay and Inefficiency in Government: Because of the party system, all decisions are taken on party lines and not in national interests. The majority party always tries to place the party above the nation. The other parties or parties in opposition are continuously at work to check all decisions, actions and programes of the majority party. Aggressive and harmful party politics is a basic evil of party system. Thus several disadvantages can, and usually do, result from the operation of political parties in a political system.
14. Political parties could ruin individuality : There may be parties that expect or force the people support and share their views blindly. They might not allow its own people to criticize their shortcomings. In short, the people may not be allowed to form their individual opinions on certain issues because they are expected to follow what their party is telling them.
15. Political parties could deprive the country of talented individuals who can contribute to its success : This is because people from the opposition parties are most likely excluded from participating in the government for the betterment of the entire nation.
When managed properly, political parties can help encourage the people into participating during elections. This ensures that the government officials appointed into different public offices will serve the majority, not only a few.
16. Political parties might have a selfish propaganda that could hurt national interest : When political parties carry vested interests and vicious propagandas that benefit only a few and are against other parties, it damages the country’s political environment. And when a certain group cares more for its members rather than the entire country, it does not only harm the political atmosphere, but also disturbs the nation’s peace and order.
17. It risks the wrong choice of public servants :Truth be told, not all individuals under a democratic government are aware of the political and social circumstances in their country. In a voting system, majority wins, and there is no distinction between the votes cast by the literate and the illiterate. People may favor a candidate based on other factors other than pure and required capability. Taking these things into consideration, the elected official may not always be the perfect person for the seat, leading to erroneous decisions.
18. It allows not exercising the right to vote : Sadly, in some democratic countries, people fail to exercise their right to vote. Perhaps, they are reluctant to do it or are just less aware about the impact of their votes. Or, perhaps they do not see it as a privilege and take the process less seriously.
19. It may put more emphasis on quantity, rather than quality : Another disadvantage of democracy is in terms of providing services—it tends to put more emphasis on quantity, rather than quality. Also, considering that the system might be governed by irresponsible and incompetent leaders, equality might be in question for only the rich and famous might be prioritized more than the poor.
20. It can take long to make decisions : Because it takes long to make decisions, it will also take long to implement them. Unlike in a monarchy where one person is making decisions that are implemented quickly, democracy requires majority voting in implementation, thus it is relatively less prompt in taking actions.
21. It may involve immoral practices during elections : To lure the masses, election campaigns might involve immoral practices, where candidates would use muscle power to draw the majority of votes, even trying to tarnish their opponents’ reputation. Money and power may be abused to influence the people to disregard opposing parties.

However, all these demerits are there because of the universally known weaknesses of human nature. By conscious efforts and through institutional and legal means, we can certainly minimize these demerits. Parties are indispensable. These are present in every society.
These always play a deterministic role in the political process. No government, particularly no democratic government can get organised without political parties. The need is, therefore, to work for eliminating or at least controlling the evils of the Political Parties.

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