Group Therapy: Purposes, Functions, Techniques, Guidelines of Group Therapy

Group Therapy: Purposes, Functions, Techniques, Guidelines of Group Therapy


GROUP THERAPY
      Group psychotherapy or group therapy is a form of psychotherapy in which one or more therapists treat a small group of clients together as a group. Group therapy, focuses on the group of clients and attempting to benefit from sharing their experiences. In group therapy both patient - patient interactions and patient - therapist interactions are used to effect changes in maladaptive behavior in each group member. (Raghda Elgamail)
      Group psychotherapy is a treatment of psychological problem in which two or more patients/client interact with each other on both an emotional & cognitive levels in the presences of one or more psychotherapists who serve as catalysts (the person who can be related to or who can understand the other’s point of view), facilitators or interpreters.  (Syeda Omama Shahab)
GOALS OF GROUP THERAPY
      Help Individuals Identify Maladaptive Behavior
      Help with Emotional Difficulties through Feedback
      Offer a Supportive Environment




PURPOSES OF THERAPIST INTERVENTION
      To help build an atmosphere of trust and safety.
      To enforce rules and norms.
      To provide feedback.
      To get a member’s input, reaction or feedback.
      To draw connections between members or point out themes
      To correct irrational or faulty thinking.
      To empower participants.
      To offer support when needed.
      To reinforce helpful contributions.
      To encourage constructive risk taking
FUNCTIONS OF GROUP THERAPY
      Sharing experiences
      Support to & from group member
      Socialization
      Imitation
      International learning
THERAPEUTIC FACTORS
1) Universality- feeling of having problems similar to others, not alone
2) Altruism - helping and supporting others
3) Instillation of hope - encouragement that recovery is possible
4) Guidance - nurturing support & assistance
5) Imparting information - teaching about problem and recovery
6) Developing social skills - learning new ways to talk about feelings, observations and concerns
7) Interpersonal learning - finding out about themselves & others from the group
8) Cohesion - feeling of belonging to the group, valuing the group
9) Catharsis – release of emotional tension
10) Existential factors – life & death are realities
11) Imitative behavior – modeling another’s manners & recovery skills



TECHNIQUES OF GROUP THERAPY
      Cognitive therapy
      Behavioral therapy
      Role play
      Story Writing and Sharing
      Task oriented groups
      Therapeutic activity groups
GUIDELINES FOR GROUP THERAPY
      Maintain Confidentiality
      Commitment to Attendance.
      Socializing with Group Members
      Putting Feelings into Words Not Actions.
      Role of Leader and Members
THE FUNCTION OF THE GROUP THERAPIST
      Emotional Stimulation
      Caring
      Meaning Attribution
      Executive Function

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