Adjustment Process and Mechanism

Adjustment Process and Mechanism


Compensation
Compensation is a concept where the individual attempts to cover up his weakness in one area by exhibiting his strength in another. A student deficient in physical activities may compensate himself in showing good results in the academic field and vice versa.
Identification: Identification is a concept when an individual attempts to identify himself with some successful person. To hide his own failures, a student may identify himself with his father and talk about his success.




RationalizationRationalization means shifting of responsibility for our failures to factors outside it i.e. many students attribute their failure to the stiff question paper.
ProjectionThis is a tendency to ‘push out’ upon another person one’s own unrealized, frustrated ambitions, or attribute to another one’s own faults. For example, school learners are often the victims of their parents’ projection of their former hopes for higher education and higher social status.
Day-DreamingThe imaginative fulfillment of needs is called day-dreaming. Day-Dreaming provides mental relief to an individual if it is done with limits. It becomes very detrimental when it is carried to excess (Aggarwal,1995).
A Motivating Condition: A need or motive in the form of a strong persistent stimulus. For example: a bodily need, a wish, an anticipatory goal.




An Environment or Mental Condition: that thwarts or conflicts with the motive resulting into a state of tension. For example: absence of food, fear physical defect,

Trial and Error Behavior: For example: the individual reacts positively or negatively to a number of stimuli; reaches, withdraws, shows over aggressive behaviour.




The Discovery of Stimuli: which bring out a response that satisfies the motivating condition For example; eating, removal of feared object, success.

Adjustment by Substitution & Exploration, Learning & Compromise

Re-adjustment to Emotional Disequilibrium: through understanding of the problem (as analysed In this outline) in order to learn new responses or to find a new environment. For example: to learn how or where to obtain food, to become accustomed to the feared object or to move away from it to find success in a field that does not require physical perfection, or to have the defect remedied.

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