Features of Community based Disaster Management Approach

Features of Community based Disaster Management Approach


Ü One promising model that incorporates the principals of community mobilization and organization is community based disaster management (CBDM)
Ü Community has a central role in long term and short term disaster management.
Ü Disaster risks or vulnerability reduction is the foundation of CBDM, the primary content of disaster management activities revolves around reducing vulnerable condition and the root cause of vulnerability.
Ü To enrich the community involvement in risk reduction, it is important to first assess the risk with the help of a community
Ü The focus of attention in long-term and short-term disaster management will be the local community.
Ü Disaster risk or vulnerability reduction is the foundation of CBDM.
Ü The primary content of disaster management activities revolve around reducing vulnerable conditions and removing root causes of vulnerability. This is achieved through strengthening community’s capacity and by providing disaster mitigation resources such as readily accessible cyclone shelters.
Ü Enhanced risks due to poorly planned development programmes turn minor emergencies into disasters.
Ü Adopting CBDM approach in managing disasters contribute to people’s empowerment by way of physical safety; guaranteed access and more on resources; promotes community’s participation in decision making related to risk reduction.
Ü In CBDM approach, community is a key resource in disaster risk reduction.
Ü Priority is given to improve the conditions of the most vulnerable mobilization/evacuation to safe places.
Ü CBDM brings together the multitude of community stakeholders for disaster risk reduction; enables expansion of resource base. Linking up communities that are most vulnerable with key systems such as early warning mechanisms, resource mobilization etc. at state and central government will be critical to the success of CBDM approach.
Ü Disaster resilient communities are ―flexible and elastic. They have the ―ability to recover from depression‖ or ―adjust, spring back easily from misfortune or change.

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