Types and Features of Juvenile Delinquency in Bangladesh

Types and Features of Juvenile Delinquency in Bangladesh

Types of Juvenile Delinquency
Juvenile delinquency, or offending, can be separated into three categories: delinquency, crimes committed by minors which are dealt with by the juvenile courts and justice system; criminal behavior, crimes dealt with by the criminal justice system, and status offenses, offenses which are only classified as such because one is a minor, such as truancy, also dealt with by the juvenile courts. (Woo lard & Scott, (2009). The legal regulation of adolescence. In R. Lerner & L. Steinberg, Handbook of Adolescent psychology (3rd ed.)
According to the developmental research of Moffitt (2006), there are two different types of offenders that emerge in adolescence. One is the repeat offender, referred to as the life-course-persistent offender, who begins offending or showing antisocial/aggressive behavior in adolescence (or even childhood) and continues into adulthood; and the age specific offender, referred to as the adolescence-limited offender, for whom juvenile offending or delinquency begins and ends during their period of adolescence. Because most teenagers tend to show some form of antisocial, aggressive or delinquent behavior during adolescence, it important to account for these behaviors in childhood, in order to determine whether they will be life-course-persistent offenders, or adolescents-limited offenders. Although adolescent-limited offenders tend to drop all criminal activity once they enter adulthood and show less pathology than life-course-persistent offenders, they still show more mental health, substance abuse, and finance problems, both in adolescence and adulthood, than those who were never delinquent.



Features of Juvenile Delinquency in Bangladesh
All the political and socio-economic variables brought about changes both in the rate and pattern of adult crimes as well as juvenile delinquency. Many social factors are contributing to the commission and increase of juvenile delinquency in Bangladesh. In Bangladesh, the frequency of juvenile offence has risen with the increase of population. The socio-cultural and economic changes took place in the context of growing industrialization, urbanization and global and national media influence. The process of urbanization has affected the family life in our country, causing the breakdown of family values and the subsequent growth of social disorganization, which has worsened the juvenile delinquency situation in Bangladesh.
The nature and extent of juvenile delinquency in Bangladesh, like any other society, depends on the socio-economic reality of a child. The children of Bangladesh involve themselves in different types of deviances, namely those are: stealing, murder, pick-pocketing, fraud, truancy, fighting, sexual perversion etc. Children brought up in a poorly organized family environment who have problematic personality traits are found to engage in smoking, beggary, burglary, rape etc. Age and sex occupy prominent place in the etiology of juvenile delinquency. Both the variables are necessary in defining and explaining juvenile delinquency.
Age is very significant because aggressiveness, in most of the cases, will down with the growth of age. Sex should be taken into considerable to get an insight into the problem of delinquency, adult and juvenile, as male constitutes overwhelming majority in the ratio. In addition to age and sex, the ecological distribution of crimes gives an impression about the nature of offences and in which social environment, urban or rural; they take place, as juvenile delinquency is largely an urban phenomenon, though juvenile delinquency is not totally absent in villages. In rural areas the parents usually handle the deviant children. In cities when family fails to control a derailed child, there are agencies. Like police, probation officer, development centers, to deal with the problem

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