Major Social Problems and their Remedies in Bangladesh

Common Social Problems

A social problem is an unexpected situation that hinders leading an everyday life in a society. A social problem is a multidimensional problem. Social issues are created for various reasons.

Common Social Problems

Sociologists usually consider a social problem to be an alleged situation incompatible with the values of many people who agree that action is needed to alter the position.

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Social problems of Bangladesh and its remedies Bangladesh is attacked by various social issues. The main problems are overpopulation, poverty, unemployment, crime, juvenile delinquency, corruption, lack of nutrition, prostitution, beggary and vagabond problem, dowry and women repression, lack of proper distribution of wealth, divorce, mental illness, mentally disability problem, lack of security, drug addiction, lack of sound health, etc. we will briefly discuss these problems.

Read: Theoretical Perspectives to Social Problems

Read: Social Problems: Factors, Types, Causes and Consequences


Overpopulation is not simply a function of the number or density o the individuals but rather the number of individuals compared to the resources (i.e. food production ) they need to survive. In other words, it is the ratio of the population divided by resources. Suppose a given environment has a population often, but there is food and drinking water enough for only nine. In that case, that environment is overpopulated, while if the population is 100 individuals, but there are Food and sufficient water for 900, it is not overpopulation.

Remedies :

To solve the problem of overpopulation, the measures they are mentioned below can be accepted.

A) Formulating population policy: Realistic population policy should be based on various reaches related to population control and family planning.

B) Family planning: It is possible to control the population of this country without family planning, and a planned family is significant in this regard.

C) Expansion of education: Education is essential for controlling overpopulation growth. Particularly female education can play a critical role regarding population problems.

D) Employment of education: If we can increase the participation of women in economic activities, the fertility rate will obviously increase.

E) Expansion of recreation facilities: The population growth will be decreased. If we can expand the decent and welfare created oriental recreational facilities. For this purpose TV and cinema, etc., should be developed at the village level.

F) Early marriage: Early marriage must be controlled through the law, and the minimum marriage age for boys and girls should be 20 and 25 years, respectively. …… action should be taken if anyone breaks the law.


Poverty as a social problem is a deeply embedded wound that permeates every dimension of culture and society. It includes sustained low levels of income for members of a community. It has a lack of access to services like education, markets, health care, lack of decision-making ability, traditional agricultural system, lack of industrialisation, unproductive education system, overpopulation, less production, unemployment, natural disaster, lack of employment for women, illiteracy and communal facilities like water, sanitation, roads, and transportation.

Read: Poverty: Types, Causes and Trends

Read: NGOs Initiatives in Poverty Alleviation in Bangladesh

Read: Government Initiatives in Poverty Reduction of Bangladesh


Ø Formulating and implementing the plan at the national level for crediting poverty.
Ø Increasing agricultural and industrial production.
Ø Population control.
Ø Proper distribution of wealth and decreasing misuse of wealth.
Ø Minimising social discrimination.
Ø Employment generation.



Crime is doing something forbidden by law. That could mean stealing a mobile phone, vandalism, graffiti mugging, stealing or taking and selling drugs. Antisocial behaviour is criminalised and treated as offences against a society that justifies punishment by the government. A series of distinctions are made depending on the passive subject of the crime ( the victim ) or on the offending interest(s) in crimes against : 

Ø Personality of the states
Ø Rights of the citizen
Ø Public administration.
Ø Administration of justice.
Ø Religious sentiment and faith.
Ø Public order.
Ø Public economy, industry and commerce.
Ø Public morality.
Ø Person and honour.
Ø Patrimony.
Ø Poverty
Or they can be distinguished on the … punishment ….tariffs…. in line with… perceived …………………..sentences for the least serious…………… punishment for most serious.

Read: Corruption as a Social Problem

Remedies :
There are three ways for alleviating poverty in Bangladesh :

a) Preventive measure: Population control. Productive educative policy. Employment generation. Economic development. Creating recreation facilities. Resisting alien culture. Spreading moral and religious education.

b) Curative measure: Punishment based on the extent of crime. Good family environment. Reforming the legal system.

c) Rehabilitation measure: Social responsibilities. Expensing rehabilitation centre.


Juvenile Delinquency

Juvenile delinquency refers to antisocial or criminal acts performed by juveniles. It is an important social issue because juveniles can commit serious crimes, but most legal systems prescribe specific procedures and punishments for dealing with such crimes.

Remedies :

a.. Creating a good family relation
b. Education facilities
c. Good educational environment
d. Continuing 'Food for education programme
e. Proper recreation facilities 
f. Good peer-group
g.. Preventing child labour
h. Adequate treatment for disabled and mentally challenged children
i. Formulating 'National Child'Policy

Nature of delinquency: Smoking, hijacking, pickpocketing, stealing, robbery, selling and using drugs, unfairness in the examination hall, throwing stones and burning cars, killing, teasing girls, acid throwing, carrying arms and using it.

Read: Women Vulnerabilities: Levels and Forms

Dowry System

A dowry is a gift of money or valuables given by the dries family to the groom at the time of their marriage. In societies where dowry payment is typical, unmarried women are seen to attract stigma and tarnish their family reputation, so it is in the bride's marry off their daughter as soon as she is eligible. In some areas where this is practised, the size of the necessary dowry is directly proportional to the groom's social groom's, thus making it virtually impossible for lower-class women to marry into upper-class families in some …..where a women's family is spoor to afford ………………..forbidden from ever marrying or almost became a ………… man who … to support a large household. Dowries have been part of civil law in nearly all countries, Europe included. Dowries were significant………….. marriage.

Remedies :

a.. Raising social awareness
b. Ensuring women's rights
the people who demand dory d. Employment generation for women
, e. Anti dowry movement



The traditional definition of literacy is the ability to use language, read, write, listen, and speak. In the modern context, the word means reading and waiting for a level of adequate written communication. Generally, a story that enables one to successfully function at……… level of a society is one in which literacy plays a role in …. Access power.

Remedies :

a. population control
b. poverty reduction
c. introducing compulsory free primary education
d. extending female education
e. Encouraging young society


Economics a person who is able and willing to work at a /….. wage rate to find a paying is considered to be ………………….force are ………..unemployment ……… overpopulation and lack of…

Remedies :

a.. Increasing employment in agriculture areas
b. Establishing new industries
c. Changing education system
d. Female education and employment generation, e. Exporting manpower
f. population control

Bangladesh faces many social problems besides these problems. These problems are … each other. If we can solve the main issue, then other minor issues will be….solved

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