Social Change , Types and its effects

Social Change , Types and its effects

Definition of Social Change
“Modern society is inherently change oriented”
Any alternation or modification that occurs in a situation over a time is called social change. It is the change in human interactions and inter-relations. If comes to change there are sources which are greatly responsible for change. The first source is unsystematic and unique factors day or night, climate , existence of people or groups. The second source is systematic factors like if we need sound development  there must be a stable and flexible government and system as well as different social organizations.



According to Gould and W. L. Kolle- “ Social Change denotes an observed differences from antecedent states of the social structure, institution, habit or equipment of a society”
M. Ginsberg- “ a change in social structure e.g in the size of a society the composition or balance of its parts, or the type of organization”
Mojumder defined it as a mode of fashion either modified or replacing previous one in the life of  individuals or in society
Hoton and Hunt defined it as change in overall societal structure and relationship of a society.
According to World Bank- “Social Change is the significant alteration of social structures ( that is of patterns as social action and interaction) including consequences and manifestations of such structures embodied inners (rules of conduct)  , values and cultural products and symbols.



Types of Social Change
Types of social change are the following:
1.    Complete Change : when there is a total change it is called a complete change. It is in status and practices
2.    Partial Change :  when the part of a system changes it is partial change. It is either in status or practice
3.    Revolutionary Change: it is a sudden change and is always visible for a short period
4.    Evolutionary Change: it is slow change and it exists permanently

Causes of Social Change
Effects of Social Change
Positive
Negative
Natural and Geographical 
Participation
More Complexity
Political and Cultural
Professional diversity
Acute Competitiveness
Socio-economic
Logical Society
Moral Degradation
Outstanding individuals
Improved Culture
Satellite Culture
Use of Modern Science and Tech.
Awareness
Criminal Activity
Urbanization and Globalization
Global Interaction
Conflict,
Modernization etc
Identity of Status etc.
Social Disorganization etc. 



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