Importance of Legal Aid Services in Bangladesh

Importance of Legal Aid Services in Bangladesh

Importance of Legal Aid in Bangladesh
The modern justice system through judicial adjudication is very costly and that cost has been the most difficult factor for the average people to get justice in both developed and developing countries. In a suit-where one party is poor and the other party is opulent, here equality, rule of law, and fair trail, ensured in our constitution and other constitutions and documents of the world can not be maintained because the opulent party is able to appoint an expert advocate who can easily take the fruits of the suit in favour of his clients which the opposite advocate fails to do.

Therefore as long as poor exist in the society legal aid will be necessary to uphold human rights and equality. Thus the provision of legal aid is essential for the safe walk of democracies on the track of rule of law and the equal protection of laws.

1.       Access to Justice through Legal Aid: The main of providing a legal aid scheme is to make the law and legal services accessible, to all in commitment to the internationally recognized principle of equality of justice. Unless legal aid could be claimed as of right, it cannot be said that equality before law has been achieved.

In a democratic country, it is a prerequisite that all citizens get economic and all justice. In developing countries, the law is often discriminatory while the process to access justice is slow, cumbersome and complex. The result is that people especially the poor have inadequate and unequal access to justice through requires that both these systems be made to work justly and equitably and this is possibly by way of giving legal aid to the indigent litigants only.

The objective around which the program of the legal aid woven by the developing countries is that there should be uniformity of law for the poor and the privileged sections of a democratic country.

2.       Cases where Legal Aid may be given: Providing legal aid to some people benefits even those who do not get legal aid by changing community standards; but in orders for this to happen, legal aid must be to a significant number of people. Legal aid is thus an important issue in the development of the society. The emphases on the group who are the beneficiaries are disadvantages in society. Legal Aid may provide representation in the types of cases:

3.       Public benefit: This includes Welfare, food stamps, medical assistance, supplemental security income, social security and unemployment compensation.

4.       Housing Problem: This includes eviction, lockouts, confiscation of personal foreclosures, discrimination (racial and against families with children), disputes with landlords over repairs, rent contracts deposits or difficulties with public housing.

5.       Consumer Cases: This includes debt problems, contracts, warranties repossessions, wage garnishments, discrimination and counseling on small claims court and bankruptcy procedures.

6.       Family Law Issues: This includes divorce, adoption, custody, support, visitation, guardianship, restraining orders, defense in paternity and modification of decrees.

7.       Senior Law Problem: This includes Medical, Medicare, Guardianship defense, and Issue involving nursing homes or other types of care facilities.

8.       Juveniles Legal Problems: This includes expulsion and suspension from school and other disputes involving school. In addition, some office may represent juveniles in criminal proceedings; however, this is by court appointment only.

9.       Labour Legal Aid Cell: It focuses on legal advice/education and court representation for the labourer, conducts litigant in labour court, and acting as mediator between workers and owners.

10.   Immigration: Some program handle a limited number of cases the area of immigration law.
Besides, Legal aid services focuses on
§  Protection of women and child torture, torture for dowry/forced labour,
§  Protection for raped, burnt, kidnapped child and women,
§  Protection of human trafficking
§  Protection of destitute and homeless
§  Protection of welfare provisions
§  Protection of fundamental provisions
§  Social Security
Source: Asadujaman, M; Access to Justice and Legal Aid in Bangladesh, retrieved from

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