Child and Juvenile

Child and Juvenile

The problem of juvenile delinquency is becoming more complicated and universal, and crime prevention programms are either unequipped to deal with the present realities or do not exist. Many developing countries have done little or nothing to deal with these problems, and international programmes are obviously insufficient. Developed countries are engaged in activities aimed at juvenile crime prevention, but the overall effect of these programmes is rather weak because the mechanisms in place are often inadequate to address the existing situation.
What is Delinquency?
It was William Coxson who in 1484, used the term ‘delinquent’ to describe a person found guilty of customary offence. In simpler words it may be said that delinquency is a form of behavior or rather misbehavior or deviation from the generally accepted norms of conduct in the society.
Oxford Advance Learner’s Dictionary has defined delinquency, bad or criminal behavior, usually of young people and increase in Juvenile delinquency




Who is Child and Juvenile?
A child is a human being under 18 years of age, whose dignity is the same as that of other human being, but who has, at that stage of their life, a relative capacity for judgement, expression and defiance. This definition is the basis for the existence of an autonomous system of justice for children, distinct from that for adults.
 Article 1 of the Convention of the Rights of the Child specifies that: “A child is agreed to be any human being under 18 years of age, even if civil majority is reached earlier by virtue of the legislation applicable.”
A juvenile is defined as a child or young person who, under the respective legal systems, may be dealt with for an offence in a manner which is different from an adult. Generally the term juvenile means a person who has not reached the age at which one should be treated as an adult by Law. Juvenile is a term connected with young people who are not yet adults and silly and more typical of a child than an adult. Juvenile delinquent means and includes a young person who is not yet adult and who is guilty of committing a crime.
§  The Penal Code: The age of criminal responsibility in Bangladesh is above nine (previously seven) years of age (S-82).
§   Contract Act, 1872: Below the age of 18 years old one should be treated as minor or Child.
§  The Employment of Children Act, 1938: Below the age of 15 years old one should be considered as child.
§  The Vagrancy Act, 1943: One should be considered as child till the age of 14 years old.
§  The Children Act, 2013 regarding on age of child has stated, “A child is defined in section 4 and includes anyone up to the age of 18 years”
§  Convention on the Right of the Child (CRC): Article 1 provides: “A child means every human being below the age of eighteen, unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier”.



The concept of child has given varied definitions by different Acts and Statutes in force in Bangladesh.
Name of the Act
A child/juvenile is a person who is under the age of
The Majority Act, 1875
18 years.
The Guardians and Wards Act, 1890
21 years.
The Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1929
Boy- 21   Girl- 18
The Suppression of Violence Against
Women and child, 2003
18
The Bangladesh Shrama Ain, 2006
14
The children act, 2013
18

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