Aims and Objectives of Field Practicum in Social Work

Aims and Objectives of Field Practicum in Social Work


            Field work provides students with genuine experiences in applying social work methods and it enables them to become familiar with real work practice.  the major objectives of the field work are to provide planned observations and a practical demonstration in the selected fields of social work which are being analyzed in the classes.





        In the field of social work, field work is such a way through which the apprentice social workers get the opportunity to apply their theoretical knowledge acquired in the class. For this, an apprentice social worker has to apply his knowledge and skills of social work in the real sphere under a supervisor. Practical training provides the students with the opportunity to realize how social problems are influencing the individuals, group, family, organization, and community. It also aims to allow the student to test himself/herself to develop a sense of professional discipline to gain self-confidence and to feel him or herself a social worker with beginning competence. (University of Dhaka, 1996) On the other hand, According to the American Social Work Council, the objectives of practical training are:
§  Making a contribution to getting student acquainted comprehensively with all types of social work profession
§  Creating a due environment to make students self-consciousness.
§  Along with studies the attitude and the skill of the students should have a balanced display in the classroom.
§  Making opportunities available to the students to apply social work methods and be experienced.
§  Taking necessary steps so that students can acquire primary experience of the social work profession.




R.R Sing (1985, 44-45) in Field Work in Social Work Education has mentioned the following objectives:
§  To offer a purposeful learning experience to students through interaction with life situations under supervisory guidance for professional growth in terms of knowledge, skills, and attitudes.
§  To foster attitudes in the student towards professional self-development, increasing self-awareness appreciation of both capacities and limitations.
§  To develop in the student the required skills in helping the needy through organizational work, use of social work methods, that is, listening, participating communication and so on. And
§  To enable the student to develop and deepen the capacity to relate theory to practice and also to relate the experience to theory.

The view committee on social work education in India has mentioned the following objectives:
§  Development of skills in problem solving at the mean and macro mentioned
§  Integration of classroom learning with field practices
§  Development of skills for professionals’ practice at a particular level of learning
§  Development of professional attitudes, values and commitments
§  Development of self-awareness and professional ideas.




 From the analysis of the above decision, we can summarize as below:
§  To acquire real knowledge by applying all theoretical knowledge;
§  To help students learn how to think critically, analytically and evaluative, so that their talent can be developed;
§  To help students develop the capacity to establish and maintain professional relationships;
§  To help students develop a high degree of social awareness and a deeper understanding of the democratic process;
§  To help students develop their professional selves, including some ability to evaluate their own capacities to help people. This is seen as including identification with the profession and is understood in terms of progress the students make in identifying with the school and with his field work agency;
§  To develop skill in helping, involving the disciplined use of knowledge in thinking about analyzing and understanding professional problems and in the helping process; and
§  It tries to develop professionalism and professional discipline among social worker.

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