Disability and Types of Psychological Disability

Disability and Types of Psychological Disability





q A disability is any continuing condition that restricts everyday activities such as  physical impairment, sensory impairment, cognitive impairment, intellectual impairment mental illness, and various types of chronic disease.
q The Disability Services Act (1993) defines ‘disability’ as meaning a disability:
ü Which is attributable to an intellectual, psychiatric, cognitive, neurological, sensory or physical impairment or a combination of those impairments
ü Which is permanent or likely to be permanent
ü Which may or may not be of a chronic or episodic nature
ü Which results in substantially reduced capacity of the person for communication, social interaction, learning or mobility and a need for continuing support services.



 



q Depression: hopelessness, insomnia or hypersomnia, decreased or increased appetite, lethargy, bouts of crying, irritability, feelings of guilt
q  Bipolar Disorder: (formerly known as Manic Depression) mood swings from overly high/manic and sometimes irritable to sad and hopeless
q  Generalized Anxiety & Panic Disorder: excessive anxiety and worry, recurrent panic attacks
q  Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD): uncontrollable thoughts and repetitive behaviors
q  Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): difficulty concentrating, hypervigilance, difficulty falling asleep and/or staying asleep, irritability
q  Schizophrenia: distorted perception of reality, hallucinations, delusions, disorganized thoughts and speech, lack of emotional expression
q  Eating disorders (Anorexia or Bulimia): unhealthy preoccupation with food and weight, purging, binging, reducing caloric intake often leading to physical health problems

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