Community Organization: Principles and Approaches

Community Organization: Principles and Approaches

Murray G. Ross (1967) defines, Community organization as a “process by which a community identifies its needs or objectives, gives priority to them and develops the confidence and will to work at them, find resources (internal and external) to deal with them, and in doing so, extends and develops co-cooperative and collaborative attitudes and practices in the community”.

Aims and Objectives of Community Organization
§  Identification of needs;
§  Planning for meeting these needs;
§  Pooling the resources; and
§  Channelizing these resources to solve the problems. (Hussain and Alauddin, 1970)

Basic Principles of Community Organization
According to Hussain and Alauddin (1970), There are ten basic principles such as
1.     Communities, like individuals and groups, are different;
2.     Communities like individuals have a right to self-determination;
3.     Social need is the basis for organization;
4.     Community welfare rather than agency interest is the first consideration in determining programme;
5.     Community Organization structure should be simple and flexible;
6.     Services should be distributed equitably;
7.     Diversity in the programme should be practised;
8.     Co-ordination of different social welfare agencies;
9.     Communication barriers should be broken down; and
10. Help from professional people is needed.

Approaches of Community Organization
According to Murray G. Ross (1955:17),
§  Specific Target Approach
§  General Target Approach
§  Innovative Approach
In general, there are four types of approaches to Community Organization.
§  The Social Work Approach.
§  Political Activists’ Approach.
§  Community Development Approach.
§  Gandhian Approach Of Community Organization.

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