Social Work: Concept, Characteristics & objectives

Social Work: Concept, Characteristics & objectives

Social work  
 
q  Social work is a helping profession which fundamentally and radically aims to assist the individuals, groups and community to cope with their complex socio-economic psychological problems through enabling themselves so that they can solve their problem by helping themselves.
q  According to NASW: The professional activity of helping individuals, groups, or communities enhance or restore their capacity for social functioning and creating societal conditions favorable to this goal.
q  Current definition is given by Social Scientists Skidmore & Thakery. They said, “Social Work may be defined as an art, a science a profession that helps people to solve personal, group and community problems and to attain satisfying personal, group and community relationship through social work practice including case work and community organization, administration and research.”
q  High lighting the theoretical side W.A. Friedlander said, “Social work is a professional service based upon scientific knowledge and skill in human relations, which assists individual alone or in groups to obtain social and personal satisfactions and independence.
q  The following definition was approved by the IFSW (International Federation of Social Workers) General Meeting and the IASSW General Assembly in July 2014: “Social work is a practice-based profession and an academic discipline that promotes social change and development, social cohesion, and the empowerment and liberation of people. Principles of social justice, human rights, collective responsibility and respect for diversities are central to social work.  Underpinned by theories of social work, social sciences, humanities and indigenous knowledge, social work engages people and structures to address life challenges and enhance wellbeing.
q  Social work is a professional and academic discipline that seeks to improve the quality of life and subjective well-being of individuals, families, couples, groups, and communities through research, policy, community organizing, direct practice, crisis intervention, and teaching for the benefit of those affected by social disadvantages such as poverty, mental and physical illness or disability, and social injustice, including violations of their civil liberties and human rights. The profession is dedicated to the pursuit of social justice and the well-being of oppressed and marginalized individuals and communities.




Characteristics of Social Work

1) Social Work is a commitment of social betterment. 
2) A goal of enhance social function 
3) An action orientation 
4) An application to human diversity 
5) A versatile practice perspective 

Aims & Objectives of Social Work

1) To promote effective & human service system 
2) To enhance problem solving, coping & development capacities, 
3) To link people with resources, services & opportunities, 
4) To develop & improve social policy 
5) Caring, curing & changing the society

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